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Psychological Tests

List of Frequently Used Tests







Designed for use by school counselors, guidance personnel and other mental health professionals as an aid in identifying, predicting, and understanding a wide range of psychological attributes characteristic of adolescents. May be used upon entrance into school or as one component of a testing program for vocational and academic counseling, as well as in mental health service agencies for adolescent clinical assessment. Answer sheets are machine scored and provide a profile report and an interpretive report on respondents. The subtest sections fall into three main areas: personality styles (eight personality patterns); expressed concerns (eight scales); and behavioral correlates (four scales). 



The Millon Adolescent Clinical Inventory (MACI) is a replacement for the Millon Adolescent Personality Inventory. It is a 160-item 31-scale, self-report inventory designed specifically for assessing adolescent personality characteristics and clinical syndromes. It was developed for clinical, residential, and correctional settings for the evaluation of troubled adolescents, and may be used for developing diagnoses and treatment plans as an outcomes measure. Four new Personality Patterns scales have been added: doleful, forceful, self-demeaning; and borderline tendency. In the Expressed Concerns Area the academic confidence scale was deleted and childhood abuse scale was added. In the Clinical Syndromes area these new scales were added: eating dysfunctions, substance-abuse proneness, anxious feelings, depressive affect, and suicidal tendency. Procedures were added for correcting distortion effects. 



 The Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory III (MCMI-III) was designed to provide information to clinicians (psychologists, psychiatrists, counselors, Etc. ) who must make assessment and treatment decisions about individuals with emotional and interpersonal difficulties. Changes in version III include: the addition of one Clinical Personality Patterns scale, Depressive; the addition of a Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder scale; 95 new items were introduced to replace 95 items in MCMI-II; the item weighting system was changed . The assessment has 175 items, written at the eighth-grade reading level. Most patients can complete the assessment in 20 to 30 minutes. It is normed entirely on clinical samples and norms are applicable only to individuals who evidence psychological problems or who are engaged in a program of professional psychotherapy or psychodiagnostic evaluation. (JW)


MMPI-2 assesses major psychological characteristics that reflect an individual's social and personal maladjustment, including disabling psychological dysfunction. MMPI-2 test booklet is revised. National norms have been restandardized and are more representative of the present U.S. population. Scores from the restandardization subjects on eight of the Basic Clinical Scales are uniform T scores. New scales are offered that provide protocol validity; new content dimensions; and separate measures of masculine and feminine gender roles.



A scoring method allowing for the input of raw Rorschach data gathered by physician or clinical and interpretation via a scoring system by John E. Exner. A narrative report and a record of the raw data are provided. Narratives describe psychological state, trait characteristics, and defense mechanisms. 

 SB - 5

The SB-5 may be used to diagnose development disabilities, to research clinical and neuropsychological assessment, abilities, early childhood, special education placements, adult social security and worker's compensation evaluations. It provides information for interventions such as individual family plans, individual educational plans, career assessment, work transition, career change, employee selection and adult neuropsychological treatment. It may be useful in a variety of forensic contexts. It has been used to diagnose mental retardation, learning disabilities, developmental cognitive delays in young children, as well as placement of students in school programs for the intellectually gifted. The examiner must be professionally trained and certified. Reliability and validity are discussed.

The Stanford Binet, Fifth Edition (SB5) is an individually administered assessment of intelligence and cognitive abilities. It is appropriate for examinees ages 2 through 85+ years. The complete scale consists of 10 subtests: 5 verbal and 5 nonverbal. It takes 15 -75 minutes to administer depending on the scale administered. Differences in this edition include: five factors rather than four (fluid reasoning, knowledge, quantitative reasoning, visual-spatial processing and working memory). Half of the subtests use a nonverbal mode of testing. New Items include very low and very high discriminating items.




The Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, Third Edition is an individually administered clinical instrument designed to assess the intellectual ability of adults ages 16 through 89. WAIS-III consists of various subtests, each measuring a different facet of intelligence. The test yields the three traditional composite IQ scores - verbal, performance, and full scale - and four index scores - verbal comprehension, perceptual organization, working memory, and processing speed. WAIS-III contains 14 subtests: picture completion, vocabulary, digit symbol-coding, similarities, block design, arithmetic, matrix reasoning, digit-span, information, picture arrangement, comprehension, symbol search, letter-number sequencing, and object assembly. The WAIS-III can be used as a psychoeducational test for secondary and postsecondary school planning and placement and also for differential diagnosis of neurological and psychiatric disorders that affect mental functioning. (MH)



The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children--Fourth Edition (WISC-IV) is an individually administered, comprehensive clinical instrument for assessing the intelligence of children from 6-16. It provides composite socres that represent intellectual functioning in verbal comprehension, perceptual reasoning, working memory and processing speed as well as a composite score that represents a child's general intellectual ability. Subtests include: block design, similarities, digit span, picture concepts, coding, vocabulary, letter-number sequencing, matrix reasoning, comprehension and symbol search. Supplemental subtests include: picture completion, cancellation, information, arithmetic, and word reasoning. It differs from WISC-III in that three subtests were dropped: picture arrangement, object assembly and mazes. Item content, administration and scoring procedures of all subtests were revised. Five new subtests were added: picture concepts, letter-number sequencing, matrix reasoning, and word reasoning.


The Wechsler Memory Scale, Third Edition (WMS-III) is an individually administered battery of learning, memory, and working memory measures. WMS-III is designed for use with older adolescents and adults ranging in age from 16 to 89 years. The test consists of 11 subtest, with 6 primary subtests and 5 optional subtests. The primary subtests are: logical memory, verbal paired associates, letter-number sequencing, faces, family pictures, and spatial span. The primary subtests can be administered in approximately 30-35 minutes. The optional subtests are: information and orientation, word lists, mental control, digit span, and visual reproduction. WMS-II was designed to provide relevant information for general clinical and neuropsychological evaluations and for rehabilitation evaluations. (MH)



The Wide Range Achievement Test 4 (WRAT4) is a norm-referenced test that measures the basic academic skills using four subtests: word reading, sentence comprehension, spelling, and math computation. Word reading measures letter and word decoding through letter identification and word recognition. Sentence comprehension measures an individual's ability to gain meaning from words and to comprehend ideas and information contained in sentences through the use of a modified cloze technique. Spelling measures an individual's ability to encode sounds into written form through the use of a dictated spelling format containing both letters and words. Math computation measures an individual's ability to perform basic mathematics computations through counting, identifying numbers, solving oral problems, and calculating written mathematics problems. The test can be administered to individuals ranging in age from 5 through 94 years old. The WRAT4 is most often administered individually but some of the subtests or section


WJ - III   

Woodcock-Johnson III (WJ III) consists of two co-normed batteries: Tests of Achievement and Tests of Cognitive Abilities. The two batteries assess general intellectual ability, specific cognitive abilities, oral language and academic achievement. The tests can be used with a population ranging in age from 2 years to 80+ years. The achievement battery is available as a standard battery comprising 12 tests or an extended battery that has 10 tests that provide more in-depth diagnostic information on specific academic strengths and weaknesses. The achievement tests are primarily organized into five broad curricular areas: reading, oral language, mathematics, writing and academic knowledge.



Designed to elicit interpretations by subject of social situations. Stories and descriptions of pictures reveal some of the dominant drives, emotions, sentiments, conflicts, and complexes of a personality. It is suggested that examinee review only ten pictures at each of two sessions. Bellak TAT Blank and Analysis Sheet may be used by the psychologist to provide a more definite frame of reference and a more objectively comparable scheme of interpretation.



The Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second Edition is a measure of personal and social skills of people ranging in age from birth to age 90. It is used with special needs populations, such as individuals with mental retardation, autism spectrum disorder, ADHD, Asperger Syndrome, and developmental delays. The test is organized in a three domain structure: communication (receptive, expressive, written); daily living skills (personal, domestic, community); and socialization (interpersonal relationships, play and leisure time, coping skills). There is also a motor skills domain and an optional maladaptive behavior index. The test is available in four formats: survey interview form, parent/caregiver rating form, expanded interview form, and teacher rating form.